When I mention I’ve been to Colombia, I get two reactions.
One: “Cool! That’s the hot new destination!”
Two: “Isn’t there a drug war there?”
Number one is true, while number two used to be true. As usual, I had intended to brush up on my destination’s history but never did it justice. I read an article here and there about the peace process and upcoming elections. A former coworker had just moved to Bogota, where her husband is teaching at one of the universities on a Fulbright Fellowship. She was sending me photos and updates, including that her husband had been tear gassed twice.
Tear gassed. Her take on it was that Colombians, despite no longer living under a state of war for the first time in decades, still have plenty to protest. Below is a cut and paste directly from Wikipedia.
“The Colombian conflict began in the mid-1960s and is a low-intensity asymmetric war between Colombian governments, paramilitary groups, crime syndicates, and far-left guerrillas such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and the National Liberation Army (ELN), fighting each other to increase their influence in Colombian territory. Two of the most important international actors that have contributed to the Colombian conflict are multinational companies and the United States.
“It is historically rooted in the conflict known as La Violencia, which was triggered by the 1948 assassination of populist political leader Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, and in the aftermath of United States-backed strong anti-communist repression in rural Colombia in the 1960s that led liberal and communist militants to re-organize into FARC.
“The reasons for fighting vary from group to group. The FARC and other guerrilla movements claim to be fighting for the rights of the poor in Colombia to protect them from government violence and to provide social justice through communism. The Colombian government claims to be fighting for order and stability, and seeking to protect the rights and interests of its citizens. The paramilitary groups claim to be reacting to perceived threats by guerrilla movements. Both guerrilla and paramilitary groups have been accused of engaging in drug trafficking and terrorism. All of the parties engaged in the conflict have been criticized for numerous human rights violations.
According to a study by Colombia’s National Centre for Historical Memory, 220,000 people have died in the conflict between 1958 and 2013, most of them civilians (177,307 civilians and 40,787 fighters) and more than five million civilians were forced from their homes between, generating the world’s second largest population of internally displaced persons. Seventeen percent of the population has been a direct victim of the war. 2.3 million children have been displaced from their homes, and 45,000 children killed, according to national figures cited by Unicef.”
The drug “lords” have been portrayed in recent Netflix series like Drug Lords and Narcos. I intend to watch to see if they are glorified, and what mention is made of the US demand for cocaine which drove their business.
Michael recounted how his grandmother, as a child, had hidden in a trunk while her parents were murdered by some faction or other in the war. He teared up. He described in detail an incident in which he clearly felt his life, and the lives of his fellow activists, were in danger. Again, he got emotional and wiped away tears.
“You’re traumatized,” I exclaimed, and gave him a gentle hug. “You’ve got to get help and take care of yourself. Traumatized people do risky things.”
“You’re different from most tourists,” he said. “You’ve heard about the war and you know about the disappearances.”
I told him I work for a torture rehabilitation center and gave him my card. Lynn mentioned she works for Oxfam, but he had never heard of it, despite it being one of the largest NGOs in the world.
This was when Lynn and I decided to friend him on Facebook. He is surely being monitored by adversaries, and if they see he’s got XX “friends” in other countries it could be protective. I don’t know. I felt powerless.
Next was a memorial to Jorge Gaitán, believed to have been assassinated by the CIA in broad daylight on a crowded street.