I ended my last post by saying I would write about a road trip I am contemplating, from St. Paul to New Orleans. I don’t know enough to write about it yet, so for now I will revert to one of this blog’s main topics, addiction—and all the consequences of addiction and trying to stop it.
I’m very excited that the United Nations will hold a review of the whole drug control system in April in New York. It’s called the Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on the World Drug Problem, or the horrible acronym UNGASS. I’d like to thank the Open Societies Foundation (OSF) for its reporting on this. OSF promotes research documenting the heavy costs of the war on drugs and shares success stories from countries that have implemented smart policies. I’ve plagiarized their recent blog posts quite heavily here.
The last time the UN had a special session on drugs, in 1998, the focus was “the total elimination of drugs from the world.” Ha! I wonder if there were any actual addicts or former drug dealers involved in coming up with that totally unrealistic goal.
Because it didn’t go well. The war on drugs has led to public health crises, mass incarceration, corruption, and black market–fueled violence. Governments—especially those in Latin America that have to deal with the fallout of bad drug policies—have pushed for this UNGASS.
Citizens are fed up too. A few years ago, a coalition of organizations and individuals in Uruguay pushed until the country voted to become the first country in the world to establish a legal, government-controlled marijuana market. The main objective of the law was to eliminate narcotrafficking. But they also have a positive goal, to make the new marijuana production chain beneficial for poor segments of society and a sustainable business for small producers with limited resources.
For the first time, there is significant dissent at the local, national, and international levels.
UNGASS is an opportunity to put an end to the horrors of the drug war and instead prioritize health, human rights, and safety.
I didn’t even know that there was an International Narcotics Control Board, did you? That sounds creepy. And it acts like a bully, apparently.
For instance, in the 90s, Switzerland had a major drug problem. There were open-air drug scenes and one of the highest rates of HIV in Western Europe. The government pioneered services such as heroin prescriptions, supervised consumption rooms, and community-based treatment. The Swiss people approved this policy through a series of referenda.
What happened? The number of new heroin users declined from 850 in 1990 to 150 in 2002; drug-related deaths declined by more than 50 percent; new HIV infections dropped 87 percent, and there was a 90 percent reduction of property crime committed by people who use drugs.
But the UN’s Control Board accused the Swiss of “aiding and abetting the commission of crimes involving illegal drug possession and use.”
On the other hand, when Bulgaria introduced a law that made possession of tiny amounts of drugs punishable with mandatory incarceration for as long as 15 years, the Control Board praised their “political commitment and the will to deal with drug abuse.” I’ve never been to Bulgaria, but life in a Bulgarian prison sounds horrifying.
OSF is publishing a series of reports in advance of UNGASS, including research into drug courts and their unintended consequences, and an examination of how the drug war affects girls and women uniquely. You can sign up for their updates here. Want to get more involved or have a say? Check out this cool website, Stop the Harm.
So there! After my recent buzzkill series of posts, I’m happy to share with you some good news and some easy ways to contribute to fixing this world’s drug problem—for real this time.